Foundations Of Cognitive Science

Cued Recall

This is a component of a memory task in which the subject is asked to recall items that were presented to them on an intial training, or initial presentation list.

However, it is slightly different than the free recall task because the subject is given a hint, or a cue, about the items on the original list. For example, and experimenter may say: "Tell me all the words from the list that were animals". Another example of cued recall would be a paired-associate memory task, in which subjects are required to remember pairs of items. In such a task, it is typical to use one member of a to-be-remembered pair as the cue for the recall of the other member (Gardiner, 1976). Cued recall is frequently modeled by connectionist networks called distributed associative memories (Dawson, 2004; Hinton & Anderson, 1981).


  1. Dawson, M. R. W. (2004). Minds And Machines : Connectionism And Psychological Modeling. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  2. Gardiner, J. M. (1976). Readings In Human Memory. London: Methuen.
  3. Hinton, G. E., & Anderson, J. A. (1981). Parallel Models Of Associative Memory. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

(Revised January 2010)