Foundations Of Cognitive Science

Backpropagation Of Error

Backpropagation of error, or “backprop”, is another term used to name the generalized delta rule for the training of multilayer perceptrons (Rumelhart, Hinton, and Williams, and which is defined elsewhere in this dictionary.


  1. Rumelhart, D. E., Hinton, G. E., & Williams, R. J. (1986). Learning representations by back-propagating errors. Nature, 323, 533-536.

(Added April 2011)